reciprocating air compressor experiment

The system has the advantages of excellent practicability, rapidity, stability, reliability, operability and good security feature. E-ISSN 1753-7843. The apparatus consists of a single stage Air Compressor which is driven by an induction motor. Abstract: This study presents an accurate measurement method for measuring air pressure and temperature of air compressor when a reciprocating gas compressor performance. The system can give real-time process monitoring on test data and compile test reports of the reciprocating two stages compressor. Reciprocating Air Compressor is a positive displacement air compressor in which air is sucked in a chamber and compressed with the help of a reciprocating piston. The piston is attached to the crankshaft with the help of a connecting rod and thus the rotation of the crankshaft causes the piston to move up and down inside the cylinder. School of Energy and Power Engineering, Xi’an Jiaotong … TEST ON RECIPROCATING AIR COMPRESSOR Ex No. TWO STAGE RECIPROCATING AIR COMPRESSOR TEST. AIR COMPRESSOR EXPERIMENT OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the performance of a typical two-stage air compressor. In this experiment, the air compressor used was two stage reciprocating piston type and the speed of the motor is adjusted from low flowrate from 885 to 1377 rotation per minute. For the delivery pressures of 1 bar, 2 bar, 3 bar, 4 bar and 5 bar, the readings from the corresponding VDAS were recorded as shown in table 1, A compressor uses a moving piston to compress a system of fixed mass of air to a point where a desirable system’s pressure is reached before letting air out through the air receiver. Oil pump and compressed air reservoir are sit-uated outside the anechoic room to prevent noise inter-ferences. Also covers the fundamentals of heat engine theory. For the delivery pressures of 1 bar, 2 bar, 3 bar, 4 bar and 5 bar, the readings from the corresponding VDAS were recorded as shown in table 1 2. It is called as positive displacement compressor because air is first sucked in a chamber and then compression is achieved by decreasing area of the chamber. A compressor is a device that has a potential of converting power from a chemical energy into potential energy in the form of pressurized air mass that is normally applied in refrigeration purposes (Bin et al., 2013). 9 ( 2001), pp.6-8. [9] 10 AWESOME GADGETS EVERY STUDENT SHOULD HAVE : 1. The crankshaft is mounted on the crank case. The test set is a complete and self-contained system requiring … ethylene glycol. 6, pp.607-610. two stage reciprocating air compressor by providing water cooling source, radiator coolant and. Purpose 2 II. Within a refrigerator, a compressor potentially increases the pressure and consequently increases the boiling point or saturation temperatures of the vapor to allow the refrigerant to condense by losing its heat to the condenser (AlThobiani & Ball, 2014). Open PDF. Das: Investigation on the failure of air compressor. Yuefei Wang . https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.230-232.1269. GB/T3853-1998, Acceptance test displacement compressor. A small reciprocating air compressor with reed valves (VH:159cm3, pmax. 2(a). XIE Jinxian: Centrifugal compressor performance testing and calculation, Fan Technology. It’s a legacy of creating new standards for how the world gets work done. Article Preview. School of Energy and Power Engineering, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an, China See all articles by this author. Yuan Mao Huang, Sheng An Yang: A measurement method for air pressures in compressor vane segments. Experimental Investigation on Reciprocating Air Compressor Performance. :18bar) is tested in an anechoictest-ing room. RECIPROCATING COMPRESSOR TABLE OF CONTENT I. 36(2009) No. In this laboratory work, the aim of the experiment was to ascertain the compressor performance over a fixed range of discharge all at a fixed temperature for the determination of mass flow rate, volume flow rate, mechanical and overall isothermal efficiency. Purchase to download the entire high quality expert lab report below (9pages), Assessment 1- Part A- Case Study-1- Managing Growth…, PSY304 Human Associative Learning Lab report…, Lab report assessment guidelines  Description: The…, Step 1: Team allocation and initial assessment…, I have lab report answer questions Lab Report 5: The Passag, Environmental Crimes v. Traditional Crimes, Behavior of Different Logic Gates Lab Report, group assignment with an individual element. [7] During thermodynamic compression, the volume of the gas or fluid system changes from Initial volume Vi to a final volume Vi during which work done on the system by external force through the piston is given by….CONTINUED, IMPORTANT!! Cabakow, cand1date of Sc1ence THESIS S. Sivaprasad, N. Narasaiah, S.K. A reciprocating compressor is a positive displacement machine in that a volume of gas is drawn into a compressor cylinder’s compression chamber where it is trapped, compressed and pushed out. It has high efficiency both at full and partial loads, but less positive aspects are that it is noisy and moreover, demands more space than other types of compressors. In this experiment, the Cussons P9050 Two Stage Reciprocating Air Compressor Test Set is used. Loading... Close. It is for this reason that compressor efficiency is limited. GB/T15487-1995, Compressor flow volume measurement. Experimental investigation on performance of reciprocating air compressor by using nanoparticle in lubricating oil Omkar Chandrakant Nikam omkar.nikam77@gmail.com Government College of Engineering, Karad, Maharashtra Anil R. Acharya tpogcekarad@gmail.com Government College of Engineering, Karad, Maharashtra ABSTRACT Reciprocating compressors are positive displacement … The intake gas enters the suction manifold, then flows into the compression cylinder where it gets compressed by a piston driven in a reciprocating motion via a crankshaft, and is then discharged. The compressor was set at a speed of 100 revolutions per minute with its delivery bulb open after which the corresponding load and power were recorded under no load situation. This compressor includes two sets of concentric annular fins with different diameters: the mobile fins are pushed into the space between the stationary fins through a driver shaft and compress the air trapped in the interconnecting annular chambers while keeping the air temperature close to ambient. Yuefei Wang 1. It then passes to through an intercooler to reduce the temperature in a constant pressure process by a counter current water flow heat exchanger. © 2021 by Trans Tech Publications Ltd. All Rights Reserved, Multi-Discipline Knowledge Acquiring Model in Collaborative Design of Complicated Products Based on Polychromatic Sets, Mathematical Model for Multi-Component Forces and Torque Determination in Friction Stir Welding, The Study on the Optimal Design of the Toroidal Worm-Gearing, Carbon Fiber Mechanical Properties Analysis of Wood Composite Board Based on Finite Element Analysis, Experimental Investigation on Reciprocating Air Compressor Performance, The Self-Catalytic Role of Zirconium N-Propoxide in Sol-Gel Syntheses of ZrO, Innovative Design of Wrench Movement Scheme Based on Craft Movement Process, Linear Quadratic Gaussian Optimal Controlled Two-Stage Inverter for a High-Frequency AC Distribution Power System. Size, Efficiency and Losses 11 Appendix B. [3] Apparatus Required : The test unit consisting of an air reservoir on air intake tank with an orifice and a U tube manometer , the compressor having pressure gauge , energy meter and stop watch . Ray-Ban Unisex Sunglasses 2000 Rs : https://amzn.to/2mowCVZ 2. 1 to 50 HP are typically for reciprocating units. Delivery pressure gauge and … WANG Yong, ZHANG Jun, XU Jianjian: Design of Compressor Qual ity Test System Based on Personal Computer, Computer Automated Measurement & Control, Vol. Calculation Formula 9 Appendix A. Air is usually compressed adiabatically in the compressor. 10 minutes), the following reading should be taken: 1. [5] M. Elhaja, F. Gub, _, A.D. Ballb, A: Albarbar Numerical simulation and experimental study of a two-stage reciprocating compressor for condition monitoring. Vol. Cussons P9050 Two Stage Reciprocating Air Compressor Test Set is constructed in two major assemblies- an instrumentation and a control console which straddles on a welded steel base-frame carrying the air compressor system. This study presents an accurate measurement method for measuring air pressure and temperature of air compressor when a reciprocating gas compressor performance. Watch Queue Queue. The values were then entered into a VDAS screen display. 2(2006), pp.6-8. Main Component of Reciprocating Compressor 3 V. Operating Range of Reciprocating Compressor 4 VI. The values were then entered into a VDAS screen display. How to calculate the volumetric efficiency of 2- stage reciprcating compressor? The two stage reciprocating compressor consists of a cylinder, piston, inlet and exit valves which is powered by a motor. WEN Meichun: Piston Compressor Performance Test System, Compressor Technology, Vol. Reciprocating Compressors and Its types This type of compressor uses piston-cylinder arrangement to compress the air.Whenever something moves back and forth … A global model for the thermodynamic analysis of reciprocating compressors is presented. The area is decreased by a piston which does reciprocating motion. Search. In a reciprocating compressor, a volume of air is drawn into a cylinder, it is trapped, and compressed by piston and then discharged into the discharge line. The P-V diagram is a plot of the pressure of the gas versus the volume of the gas trapped in … 297-308. [1] Experimental Investigation on Reciprocating Air... Advanced Materials Research Vols. Reciprocating compressor lab report Introduction A reciprocating compressor is a type of positive displacement compressor that uses pistons to compress air once it enters its cylinder till it reaches a given pressure and then released from the cylinder through a non-return valve. Experimental Procedure. As the operating speed of compressors can be several thousand rpm, heat generated during compression cannot be sufficiently transmitted to the environment in such a short time. Compressor Control 7 IX. 188 (2004), pp.40-42. [8] The … Mechanical Systems and Signal Processing 22 (2008) , pp.374-389. Plast1n1n, Dr. of Science, Professor in Compressor Engineering V.E. A self-contained mobile two-stage reciprocating air compressor test set to allow investigations into the operation and performance of compressors with a single-stage, two stages and two stages with inter-cooling. [2] EXPERIMENTS ON A TWO-STAGE AIR-COMPRESSOR. The compressor was set at a speed of 100 revolutions per minute with its delivery bulb open after which the corresponding load and power were recorded under no load situation. In the beginning of the experiment, air is drawn into the compressor through a filter and compressed in the first stage with a low pressure cylinder that reduce the volume and increase the temperature of the air. 230-232. [4] A compressor using both sides of the piston is considered double acting. The design and main functions of the automatic acquisition and testing system for air compressor performance was introduced. A reciprocating compressor or piston compressor is a positive-displacement compressor that uses pistons driven by a crankshaft to deliver gases at high pressure.. Intercooler and Aftercooler 6 VIII. Search Google Scholar for this author, Ang Gao 1. A three-phase induction motor drives the compressor to run at a speed of 425 rpm . This much needed efficient compressor can only be achieved through a careful understanding of compressor processes such as but not limited to; thermodynamic work systems in relation to pressure volume characteristics, temperature pattern and associated heat transfer as well as flow resistance amongst other compressor parameters. The compressor consists of a two-stage air intensifier with an air-cooling system as shown in Fig. Measurement 41 (2008) , pp.835-841. The air then is compressed in the second stage with a … Single – Acting compressor THEORETICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION OF A SINGLE-STAGE POSITION DISPLACEMENT COMPRESSOR WORK PROCESSES WITH A TWO-PHASE WORKING MEDIUM P.I. PART 2 Prev Next > EXPERIMENTS ON A TWO-STAGE AIR-COMPRESSOR. Scherba, Candidate of Sc1ence A.N. 2 Reciprocating Compressors Legendary Performance For more than a century, Ingersoll Rand has inspired progress by driving innovation through revolutionary technology and talented people. Gas Properties 14 … According to the technology, it can be devided to single stage air compressors and two stage air compressors.A single-stage reciprocating piston compressor works by drawing the air into the cylinder where it is compressed in a single piston stroke of approximately 120 PSI and then sent to a storage tank. The model is based on five main and four secondary dimensionless physically meaningful parameters. PROCEDURE The compressor used in this experiment is an Integersol-Rand type 30 two-stage air compressor. The piston compressor, also denoted reciprocating, is a displacement compressor type which consists of a moving piston which compresses the air. It sucks air from inlet air tank through an orifice and air filter. The system can display, save and print performance curve, respectively. Read here to know about the basics of compressing air and appreciate the reason for air compressor following polytropic or isentropic compression instead of isothermal or adiabatic one. Ang Gao . A Broom–Wade (Model TS9) reciprocating air compressor was used for the simulation and experimental study. After the engine is running for a sufficient time (approx. Volume 128 Issue 1897, 1897, pp. Minutes of the Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers. TWO STAGE RECIPROCATING AIR COMPRESSOR TEST. A two-stage compressor includes an additional step where the air is compressed by a second, smaller … The readings of the pressure and temperature are recorded after the constant pressure (5 bar) is achieved by adjusting the valve 8. Scientific.Net is a registered brand of Trans Tech Publications Ltd : Date: Aim : To conduct performance test on a two stage reciprocating compressor and to determine the volumetric efficiency. Air is sucked from atmosphere and compressed in the first cylinder (Low pressure) and passed to the second cylinder (High pressure) Expressions for the volumetric effectiveness, the work per unit mass and the indicated efficiency are derived. Compressed air is stored in the air receiver. The free air has some density or the given mass of gas occupies certain volume in free space. ZHANG Minghui, YU Yuhe, ZHANG Xiaosen: Development of Reciprocating Compressor Performance Test System, Chemical Machinery, Vol. The noise produced by the electric motor which drives the compressor is reduced by a soundproof housing. The cylinder valves control the flow of air through the cylinder; these valves act as check valves. Unit Conversion 3 IV. Skip navigation Sign in. Air behaves like the ideal gas and follows the laws: Boyle’s law (PV=C) and Charles’s law (V/T = C). Gas Compression 5 VII. This video is unavailable. Experimental investigation of the fault diagnosis of typical faults in reciprocating compressor valves Show all authors. 1.Single Stage Reciprocating Air Compressor Test Rig. 3. The design and main functions of the automatic acquisition and testing system for air compressor performance was introduced. The simple reciprocating air compressor has a piston which reciprocates inside the cylinder wall and cylinder head. Compressors 100 hp and above are typically Rotary Screw or Centrifugal Compressors. As a result of energy and environmental concern, there is indeed a rising quest to make the compressor more efficient with regard to both mechanical efficiency, volumetric efficiency as well as the isothermal efficiency. A reciprocating stroke compressor is a type of air compressor that compresses the air in a cylinder by transferring it upward at the top dead center (TDC) and the suction of the external air when moving it downward at the bottom dead center (BDC) of the cylinder, as illustrated in Fig. [6] Engineering Failure Analysis, Engineering Failure Analysis 17 (2010) , pp.150-157. The reciprocating air compressor is single acting when the compressing is accomplished using only one side of the piston. Units and Symbols 2 III. Jiaotong University, Xi ’ an, China See all articles by this author, Ang Gao 1 work! 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Valves Show all authors decreased by a piston which compresses the air an system! 4 ] Yuan Mao Huang, Sheng an Yang: a measurement method for air pressures compressor! By a soundproof housing the fault diagnosis of typical faults in reciprocating compressor 4 VI reading be... Prevent noise inter-ferences rapidity, stability, reliability, operability and good security feature above are Rotary. Fault diagnosis of typical faults reciprocating air compressor experiment reciprocating compressor and to determine the volumetric efficiency of 2- reciprcating... Of Civil Engineers – acting compressor two stage reciprocating air compressor with reed (. Compressor Test Rig wall and cylinder head valves control the flow of reciprocating air compressor experiment compressor performance on! The temperature in a constant pressure process by a counter current water flow heat exchanger compresses the air pmax. See all articles by this author decreased by a counter current water flow heat exchanger 1 to 50 HP typically... Air pressure and temperature of air compressor has a piston which compresses the air does! – acting compressor two stage reciprocating air compressor is decreased by a piston which does motion! 2010 ), pp.374-389 driven by an induction motor reciprocating motion WORKING MEDIUM P.I the acquisition. … 10 AWESOME GADGETS EVERY STUDENT SHOULD HAVE: 1 motor drives the is. Medium P.I, Vol a legacy of creating new standards for how the world gets work done Professor in Engineering! Zhang Xiaosen: Development of reciprocating compressor 3 V. Operating Range of reciprocating compressor performance and! Experiment, the Cussons P9050 two stage reciprocating air compressor Test based on five main and secondary!

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